E.G.Maetze was born at Glogau in the Province Silesia of the Kingdom of Prussia on the 12th day of September, 1817. His father was the secretary of a Prussian general. In consequence of the war the family became poor. His wife kept a private boarding house with such success that her son could be educated in the gymnasium of Glogau and later in the university of Breslau. After graduation he was appointed rector of the town school of Bernstadt. In 1848 he was elected a representative to the Prussian National Assembly. He joined the democratic wing of the Assembly. The royal government usurped arbitrary power. Therefore, the Assembly resolved that no taxes should be paid to the government. The resolution was not executed, because the people were tired of the frequent political disturbances and wanted peace and the government was supported by the army. The representatives who voted for said resolution, were prosecuted. E.G. Maetze escaped to Texas. He went to New Ulm and worked for a farmer.
Hunting a horse in the Bernard Prairie he met F. Engelking, who invited him to become a tutor of his children. Maetze accepted the proposal and a short time afterwards he established the first school at Millheim with six pupils at forty dollars per pupil in the first year. He bought a piece of land, on which he built a dwelling and outhouses, so that his wife and his two children could come to Texas and have a home. The number of pupils grew from year to year, not only from the neighborhood but also from distant places. He taught school at Millheim more than twenty-five years. He was a great speaker. His voice was euphoric, his gestures dignified, his speech logical. He joined the Democratic Party, but was opposed to secession.
As his party was for secession, he did not vote. He submitted to the will of the people and became a loyal Confederate citizen. His son enlisted in Sibley’s Brigade. In 1856 he was elected county commissioner, later senator and later county school superintendent. The Senate elected him its president pro tempore. The Democratic Executive Committee engaged him to make speeches in Fayette County to influence the Germans to join the Democratic party. He was successful.
He died on the 12th day of October, 1891, at the age of seventy-four years one month, highly respected by everybody.
from “The German Settlers of Millheim Before the Civil War” by Adalbert Regenbrecht